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“国家需要解决什么问题我就做什么”——记化学化工秒速快三赛车网址黄本立院士

 

时间: 2019-11-15
来源:秒速快三赛车网址|官网   【责任编辑: 】
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  15岁,他独自一人在香港读完小学,是学校里唯一的“寄宿生”;
 

秒速快三赛车网址  20sui,tazhiyongle4nianduwanzhongxue,nadaorenshengzhong“jincun”deyizhangbiyewenping——guangdongshengmeizhouzhongxuelinshibiyezhengmingshu,bingkaoshangguangzhoushilingnandaxue;

  25sui,tafangqichuguo,beishang“geming”,congcijiangzijideyishengxianjiguangpufenxishiye;

  61sui,tazuobiefendoule36niandedongbei,nanxialaidaoshamendaxue,huajiazhinianbaishouqijia,quedai“huo”leshadafenxihuaxuezhuanye;

  68sui,tachengweiwoguodiyiweiyiyuanziguangpufenxiweiyanjiufangxiangdemiaosukuaisansaichewangzhi yuanshi;

秒速快三赛车网址  73sui,taronghuojiaoyubushouyude“quanguoyouxiujiaoshi”chenghao;

  94sui,taronghuo2018niandufujianshengkexuejishuzhongdagongxianjiang;

  ……

   

  

秒速快三赛车网址    tajiushimiaosukuaisansaichewangzhihuaxuehuagongmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhijiaoshou、miaosukuaisansaichewangzhi yuanshihuangbenli。

  jinri,jizhezaihuaxuehuagongmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhijiandaolehuangbenli,yinianguojiuxundetakanqilaiyiranjingshenjueshuo、siweiminjie,huiyiqiqiuxue、keyandeguowangjinglirushujiazhen,lianweixiaodexijiedoujiyiruxin。90duonianlai,tashizhongjianxingzhezheiyangderenshengzhuiqiu: “tatashishizuoren,renrenzhenzhenzuoshi,yongyutiaozhanquanwei,yongyuzhuiqiuzhenli”。

秒速快三赛车网址  wochuleyuanshi,shenme“shi”yebushi

  1925nian9yue,huangbenlichushengyuxianggang。fumuzaoshi,tayouzufumufuyangzhangda。youzhirikouqinhualveduo、shehuidongdangbuan,huangbenlizitongniankaishijiuguozhedianpeiliulideshenghuo,duziyirenzaixianggang、guangxi、guangdongzhijianjiannanqiuxue。

  huiyiqizheiduanjiankudeqiuxueshiguang,huangbenlishuodebushi“tongku”“gudu”,ershi“ganen”,ganenzaijiannanderenshengsuiyuezhongjiyutabangzhudemeiyigeren。

  1945nian,huangbenlikaoshangguangzhoushilingnandaxuewulixi。cishi,zufuyishishiliangnian,shiqujingjilaiyuandetananyizhichenggaoangdexuefei,xingertadedaolexuduotongxuedeqingqingxiangzhu。qizhongyouyiweitongxuejiaozhangzhijian,lejiedaohuangbenlidenanchuhouzhudongqingzijidegegebangmangchengdanxuefei。jishihoulaihuangbenlikaozhedangshiyanshiguanliyuan、zhujiaodengqingongzhuxuede“gongzi”hejiangxuejinyiyounenglizhifuxuefei,zhangzhijianhegegerengranjianchizizhuta。

  huangbenlishuo,tongxuebangzhuzijiduguolejuedingyishengmingyundeguanjianshiqi,zheiyangbuqiuhuibaodewusixiangzhulingtazhongshennanwang,gengzhuyaodeshizaitaxinliboxiazhurenweile、jiechenghuibaoshehuidezhongzi。

  zailingnandaxuedejinianli,huangbenlihaidedaolexuduoshizhangdeguanhuaihejiaodao,tamenbujinchuanshouzhishibenling,gengyiyouxiudepinge,runwuwushengdiyingxianglehuangbenlideyisheng。qizhongfengbingquan、gaozhaolanjiaoshoufufu,zuiranghuangbenliganhuaizhongshen。

   

  fengbingquanjiaoshoushidingjidedianzixuezhuanjia,shixinzhongguowuxiandiandianzikexuededianjizhezhiyi,gaozhaolanjiaoshouzeshizhongguoguangxue、guangpuxuedekaituozhezhiyi。huangbenlide“dianzixue”“guangxue”kechengjiushifengbingquan、gaozhaolanjiaoshoufufushangde。

秒速快三赛车网址  fengxianshengshifenzhuzhongpeiyangxueshengxueyizhiyong。tacengjingzaiwuxiandiandianzixuekechengjieshuhou,yaoqiuxueshengzuoyitaishijiaoyongdechaowaichashouyinji。houlaihuangbenliyutongxuejiuanzhaoketangshangjiangguodelilunzhishi,huadianlutu、zuzhuang、diaoshi,zhendezuochuleyitaichaowaichashouyinji,dadatigaoletadedongshoucaozuonengli。

  gaoxianshengshangguangxuekeshi,yinruzhaoxiangji、jiaojuandengshijiyingyong,jihuangbenlishangleyimenxiangshouzhishidekecheng,yeshitayishengreaisheyingdemengya。gaoxianshenghaijiaoshouyuanziguangpuyuanli,jiaotamendiaoshiguangpuyi,yaoqiutamenduishiyanshujuyaojiayizhengli、fenxi、guina、tuisuan……cainengzuochujielun。zheixiejiaodaohuangbenlidoulaojizaixin,duitadekeyanshengyayingxiangshenyuan。

  ruguoshuo,fengbingquan、gaozhaolanjiaoshoufufuzaijiaoxuekeyanshangdechuangxin、yanjinweihuangbenlidejiaoyukeyanshiyegouleleyuanxing,rangtashouyizhongshen;neimetamenduiguojiadereai、zhongchengzesuzaolehuangbenlidepinge,bingchedigaibianletaderensheng。

  dangnian,fengbingquan、gaozhaolanjiaoshoufufuyiranxiejuegaoxinwanliu,paoqiguowaiyouyuedeshenghuotiaojian,huiguojiaoshushouke,jiushixiwangweizuguopeiyanggengduomiaosukuaisansaichewangzhiguojia、zhenxingminzudeyouxiurencai。

  1950nian,baizailinjinbiyedehuangbenlimianqianyouliangtiaolu,yishichuguoduyanjiusheng,ershiliuzaiguoneicanjiaxinzhongguomiaosukuaisansaichewangzhi。youyupinxuejianyouqielianxuhuodeguojixueshengjiangxuejin,huangbenlidaomeiguohuashengdunzhoulidaxuejixushenzaodejihuihenda。raner,xinzhongguoganggangchengli,baifeidaixing,guominjingjihuifufazhanjixugefangmianzhuanyerencai。

  cishi,huangbenlishoudaolezhengzaidongbeigongzuodetongxue——lixiaoqiongdelaixin,lizaixinzhongqiangliexiwangtanengdaodongbeizhiyuanzuguomiaosukuaisansaichewangzhi。fengbingquan、gaozhaolanjiaoshoufufuyelaixinduihuangbenlishuo: “we will stay here to do our job and do it well.”biaodaletamenliuzaizuguoxiaolifengxiandejuexin,zheijuhuashenshendadonglehuangbenli。xianqianyinzhongjixiuxuebannian,haizaidengdaibuxiuzuihou2gexuefencainengnadaobiyezhengshudeta,dengbujibiye,yiranfangqifumeiliuxuedejihui,hetongxuemenrexuefeitengdibeishang“geming”qule。

秒速快三赛车网址  shuodaozhei,huangbenliyoumodibiaoshi: “xianzaiwochuleyuanshi,shenme‘shi’doubushi,xueshi、shuoshi、boshidoubushi。”shishishang,zaitajuexinbeishangshi,dongbeikexueyanjiusuozhengzainanfangzhaopinrencai,chengnuozhiyaoduwandaxuesanniande,jiusuandaxuebiye。

  dangshimanqianggemingreqingdeta,shizaigubushangnei“yizhizhengshu”le。

  “fangxia”zhaoxiangji,“naqi”guangpuyi

  1950nian3yue,huangbenlilaidaolezhangchundongbeikexueyanjiusuo,congcijiangzijidemingyunyuyuanziguangpufenxilaolaojinkou。

  “qishiwodangshibeishanghaiyouyigebuchundedongji”,shuowan,huangbenlixianghaiziyiyangwuzhezuibuhaoyisidixiaole。

秒速快三赛车网址  shougaozhaolanjiaoshoudeyingxiang,huangbenlizaidaxueqijianjiukuaisheying。dangshilixiaoqiongzaixinzhongtidaole: zhangchunyougedongbeidianyingzhipianchang。huangbenliyuanbenxiangxianquzuoguojiaxuyaodegongzuo,dengyoujihuizaidiaodaodongbeidianyingzhipianchang,zuoganxingqudesheying。

  “dangwodaoledongbeiyihou,caifaxiandongbeishiguominjingjihuifudejidi,henduozhonggongyedouzaineili”,huangbenlizhenchengdishuo: “wofaxianxianzaibushigaodianying、gaosheyingdeshihou,woyinggaibagerendexingquxianfangfang。”guojiafazhanheminzumingyundedajuxia,huangbenliyiranjiangzijide“zhuzhanchang”liujileguangpushiye。

秒速快三赛车网址  guangpufenxishiliyongwuzhifashedeguangerpanduanwuzhizuchengdeyimenjishu。“xiangbihuaxuefenxifa,yuanziguangpufenxifazuidadetedianshikuaisu、lingmin”,huangbenlijieshidao,zuoweixinzhongguodezhonggongyejidi,guominjingjihuifushiqidedongbei,shengchanrenwushifenfanzhong,gangtie、yelian、dizhikantandengchanyejixukuaisu、zhunquedeyuanziguangpufenxijishu,erzheizhongjishuzaigangjiefangdexinzhongguojibenshangshikongbai。

  yanjiuchuqi,yanjiusuodeguangpufenxishiyantiaojianshifenyouxian,shebeidequefagengshiranghuangbenli“qiaofunanweiwumizhichui”。sheicengxiangdao,huangbenlisichufanfanzhaozhao,zaiyanjiusuodecangkuli“tao”daoleyigefeijiudexiaoxingshepuyi,yongdaxueqijianxuedaodeguangxuezhishihediaoshijishujiangqi“bianfeiweibao”,zaishiyongguoqideganguangban,peiheyanjiusuozhujianjianliledianjiexin、diantanshuashimodengdeguangpufenxifa。

   

秒速快三赛车网址  jinjiezhe,huangbenliyouyongxindaodesuzhizhongxingshepuyi,xianhouyanjiujianlileqiumozhutie、huangtongdengdedingliangfenxifangfa,bingbaguangpufenxituiguangdaogongchangqu,bangzhutamenjianliguangpushiyanshi,youxiaojiejue“luqiankuaisufenxi”dengchangjianwenti。1952nian,taweifushungangchangshizhileyitaidianhuajifaguangyuan,zheikenengshiwoguodiyitaizizhiguangpufenxiyongdedianhuaguangyuan。

秒速快三赛车网址  huangbenlixiaocheng: yuanziguangpufenxishiyixiang“miaosukuaisansaichewangzhixingxingye”,huasuiruci,yuanziguangpudeyingyongqueshifenguangfan,chulezuichangyongdejinshuyelian,yuqitaxuekedejiaochalianyongyeshifenchangjian,birudizhikantan、huanjingjiance、jianyanjianyidengxingye。

  1955nian,huangbenlizhuanxianglekuangshikuangwufenxi,tichu“shujiefa”bandingliangfenxizhongde“jiexianfa”he“neibiaofa”,zheizaidangshiguoneizhuyaoyongzhaoxiangshepufadeqingkuangxiajuyoujiaodadexueshuyiyiheyingyongjiazhi。1957nian,huangbenlichuanglileyizhongkecedingfenmoyangpinzhongbaokuolusuzaineideweiliangyihuifayuansudeshuangdianhuguangpufenxiguangyuan,beiguowaizhuanjiazaiqizhuanzhuneiyuwei“zuiwanshandeshuangdianhuguangyuan”。shanggeshiji60niandai,huangbenliyouzhuanxianglechaochunwuzhifenxi,zaidaohuanjingyangpin……1975nian,takaishicongshixinxingguangyuanganoudenglizitiguangpufenxiyanjiu,jiangqinghuawuyuansudecedinglingmindutigaole20bei。

  “guojiaxuyaojiejueshenmewentiwojiuzuoshenme”,huangbenlijiuzheiyangyitouzhajinleyuanziguangpufenxideyanjiushijie,dangtadeyanjiuyueshenru,tayeyuefayishidaoyuanziguangpufenxiduiguojiamiaosukuaisansaichewangzhidezhongdayiyi。

秒速快三赛车网址  zaisheyingzhiwai,tazhaodaoleyipiantongyangguangkuodetiandi。

  yici“guangpuxuexihui”qianchudemeimanyinyuan

  suizheguominjingjidexunsufazhan,guojiaduiguangpufenxirencaidexuqiuyurijuzeng。huangbenlizaidongbeikexueyanjiusuoyifangmianjianchiguangpufenxideyanjiugongzuo,lingyifangmianzezhiliyufazhanguangpufenxizhuanyejishurencai。

秒速快三赛车网址  1954nian,yuhuangbenlitongzaiguangpuzudefuzuzhang、shamendaxuewulixidebiyeshengwuqinyitichugaoguangpufenxixunlianbandexiangfa,zijifuzelilunshouke,huangbenlifuzezhidaoshiyan。

  dangshihuangbenlihetadetongshicongshiguangpufenxijinyouduanduanjinianshijian,shuo“xunlian”sihukouqitaida。tamenxiwangbazaiguangpufenxilingyuzhongjileidejingyan,tongguohuxiangxuexidefangshituiguangchuqu,suoyizuizhongjuedingshiyong“xuexihui”zheigemingcheng,zheidadatigaolecanjiazhedecengci。

  dangnian,gongyou54gedanweide72renbaomingcanjia“xuexihui”,qizhongbushaoshifujiaoshou、gaodengjishi、xizhurendengrencai,huangbenlihaijideqizhongyixiexueyuandemingzi: beijingdaxuegaoxiaoxia、wuhandaxuechaquanxing、lanzhoudaxuechengfu……dajiadoupingjiahuangbenlidekeshangdehenchuse,zhenzhengrangxueyuanshulianzhangwoshiyanjishu,duiguangpufenxiyougengshenderenshi。

   

  zheixiebutongcengcirencaidedaolai,shizheigeweiqisangeyuede“xuexihui”,beipingjiaweizhongguoguangpufenxi“huangpuyiqi”,weiquanguogedipeiyangleyidapiguangpufenxikeyan、jiaoxue、yingyongdengfangmiandezhongyaogugan。cong“xuexihui”chulaideren,houlaibushaochenglezhimingjiaoshouheguangpuzhuanjia,rugaoxiaoxiachenglexuebuweiyuan(yuanshi),chaquanxingdangxuanleyuanshi。

秒速快三赛车网址  “qishi,zaizheicixuexihuishang,haiyouyiweishifen‘zhongyao’derenwu”,huangbenlidezhushoulinjunyuexiaozhebuchongdao。

  yuanlai,dangshihaiyouyiweilaizizhangchunguangjisuodexueyuanjiaozhangpeihuan,qinfenhaoxue、yewujingzhan,houlaichenglehuangbenlideqizi。huangbenlishuo,zheige“xuexihui”shitajiaoshishengyadekaishi,meixiangdaoyeshitameimanyinyuandekaishi。

   

秒速快三赛车网址  shuxihuangbenliderendoupingjiatanianqingyouhuoli,kanqilaiyidianbuxiangyishimaodiezhiren。tacengjingzheiyangyoumodi“jiemi”: “my wife feeds me well.”fuqierrenzaishenghuoshangbicizhaogu,zaizhuanyeshangxianghuxuexi,xieshouzouguobangeduoshijifengyu。

  guangpushiyeshangdenongmozhongcai,jiushitamenyilulaizuihaodejianzheng。

秒速快三赛车网址  huajiazhinianfu“shadazhiyue”

秒速快三赛车网址  shanggeshiji80niandai,gaigekaifangdelangchaozaizhongguodadishangyongdong。huangbenliyijiaxiangyingmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhiguanyuzhiyuantequmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhidehaozhao,congdongbeiyuanqianjingjitequshamen。

秒速快三赛车网址  “wolaidaoshamendaxue,shiyinglewucunyajiaoshouhetianzhaowuyuanshideyaoqing。”

秒速快三赛车网址  dangshi,laopengyouwucunyashishamendaxuejishukexuemiaosukuaisansaichewangzhiyuanzhang,tatingwenhuangbenlifurenzhangpeihuanjiangzuoweitequmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhizhiyuanganbu,beidiaorenshamenfudaganguangcailiaoyouxiangongsi,bianjielixiangshirenshamendaxuexiaozhangtianzhaowutuijianhuangbenli,jiangqiyinrushamendaxue。

  “wohetianzhaowuyuanshixiangshiyuzhongguohuaxuehuidehuiyishang”,huangbenlihuiyidao。tianzhaowudangshiyuhuangbenlijinyoujimianzhiyuan,bingbushushi,dantazhidaohuangbenlizaiguangpufenxishangdechengjiufeiran,ershadadefenxizhuanyejixuguangxuefenxifangmianderencai。

  zaitianzhaowubuxienulidetuidongxia,1986nian6yue,huangbenlilaidaoshamendaxue。neishi,tayi61sui。

秒速快三赛车网址  “wodaoshadacanjiadediyigehuiyishilituixiudongyuandahui”,huangbenlizhijinrengjidezheigeyouqudexiaoxijie。

  huangbenlilaidaoshamendaxuehou,xuexiaojixiangjiaoyubushenqingzujianshamendaxuefenxihuaxuezhuanyeboshidianbinghuopizhun。dangshixuexiaodeguangpufenxikeyantiaojianyiban,zaishebeirencaizijinjinquedejiannantiaojianxia,huangbenlibaishouqijia,kaishixinyilundechuangye。

  shiyanyiqijinque,huangbenlibianxiangzijishuxideyiqichangshangyaoleyitaituihuodeicpyuanziyingguangyi,xiuhaojiyanjiushengzuoshiyan;tongshishizhelianxiyixieguowaiyiqigongsi,zhengqudaojiazhishushiwanmeiyuandedazhongxingguangpuyiheyixieqitayiqidejuanzeng。tongshiheyiqigongsijianlilianheshiyanshi,kaizhankeyanhezuo,manmanjiejueleyiqibuzudewenti。

  keyanrenyuanbuzu,taliyonggangpizhunchenglideshamendaxuefenxizhuanyeboshidianzhaoshouboshisheng,binglianxuzhengqudaowangxiaoru、yangpengyuan、yuandongxing3mingliuxueboshihuiguodaoxiaozuzuoboshihou,zheishiwoguodiyipiyiyuanziguangpuweiyanjiufangxiangdeboshihouyanjiurenyuan,zaidangshiyinqilehongdong。

   

秒速快三赛车网址  huangbenlidailingzheyanjiuxiaozukefuzhongzhongkunnan,qixinxielikaizhanduogekeyanxiangmuyanjiu。tamenjianlileliudongzhushedianhuaxueqinghuawufashengfa,shiqinghuawufashengfakeyibubishiyongpengqinghuawu,yinqiguoneiwaitongxingdezhuduoguanzhuhezhuizongyanjiu。jiezheyoukaizhanqiangdianliuweimiaomaichonggongdian(hcmp)kongxinyinjidengjifayuanziheliziyingguangfenxifadeyanjiu,shibaokuoyixiexituyuansuzaineideduozhongyuansujianchuxiangaishanlejibeishenzhijishibei。zheixianghcmpjishuyu1997nianhuodeguojiazhuanli,bingyu2000nianhuodefujianshengkejijinbuyidengjiang。

  zaishamendaxue,huangbenlicongwudaoyoujianchengleyigekanchengguoneiyiliudeyuanziguangpushiyanshi,bingyufenxihuaxuejiaoyanshideqitashiyanshiyiqilianhefazhanchengwei“shamendaxuexiandaifenxikexuejiaoyubuzhongdianshiyanshi”,zheiduishamendaxuexiandaifenxikexuedexuekemiaosukuaisansaichewangzhihefazhanqidaozhongyaozuoyong。

  1993nian,pingjiezaiguangpufenxilingyudezhuoyuegongxian,huangbenlidangxuanweimiaosukuaisansaichewangzhi yuanshi。

  huangbenlicengshuo,dangjiaoshidebunengwurenzidi。weici,tazongshirenzhenduidaimeiyitangke,chawenxian、jibiji、fuzhitubiao、shejitouyingneirong,bingzixixiushimeiyizhanghuandengpian。taduikejianzhizuodeyaoqiuhengao: neirongyaojianjie,jinliangpeiyoutubiao;yaojingximeiguan,xiyinxueshengdezhuyili;tongshiyinyongcailiaoyaoyouchuchu,zunzhongzhishichanquan。dangshibingmeiyouxianjindezhizuoruanjian,suoyoudekejiandouyoutazijishougongzhizuo。

   

  huangbenlichangjiaodaoxuesheng: “zuixianjindeyiqiyongyuanshizaishiyanshiyanzhichulaide。”yisishiyaoxiangzuochukaichuangxingdegongzuo,jiubixuxiancongyiqidongshou,xuehuiyizhaozijideshiyanyaoqiudongshoudiaozhengshiyanshebei。tahaiyaoqiuxueshengxielunwenyidingyaoyishiyanjieguoweijichu,yaoduofanglunzheng: buguannizainalikandaoshenme、tingdaoshenme,nidouyaoxiangfangshefaquyanzheng,baokuowojiangdeke。

  1998nian,jiaoyubushouyuhuangbenli“quanguoyouxiujiaoshi”chenghao。jishinianlai,taweiguojiapeiyanglexuduoguangpufenxilingyudeyouxiurencai,ertaweirenshibiaodeyiyanyixing,zhengshitaduizijienshishideshifengdezuihaochuancheng。

秒速快三赛车网址  suiyinianguojiuxun,huangbenlixianzairengranmeitianjianchishangban,yueduwenxian,bakandaoyoujiazhidexinxifajihoubei。tayechangchangheketizulaoshitaolunxueshuwenti,yingyaochuxixueshuhuiyizuobaogaohuojixueshengzuozhuantijiangzuo。

  dangran,huangbenliyemeiyoufangxiazhiaidesheying。caifangjieshuhou,taxinxidiyujizhefenxiangtachubandesheyingji《suiyinglu》,limianshoululetajishinianlaizoubianshijiegedi,yongzhaoxiangjibuzhuodaodemeihaoshunjian,meiyizhangzhaopiandouqingzhuletaduiguangyingbishengdexinnianyuzhuiqiu。

   

  (huangbenlishe)

  cankaowenxian:

  《xuanliduocaideguangpurensheng——huangbenlichuan》,yangcongfeng、wangzunben、linjunyuezhu

秒速快三赛车网址  《xiangdangsheyingshiquechenglehuaxuejia——fangmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhiyuanshi、shamendaxuehuaxuehuagongmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhihuangbenlijiaoshou》

  《shuoguoleilei taolifenfang——reliezhuhewoguozhumingfenxihuaxuejiahuangbenliyuanshibazhihuadan》

  《baxunyuanshihuangbenlixuanliduocaiderensheng》,shezheng、wangyinghuizhu

秒速快三赛车网址  (wen/xuanchuanbu duyun tu/huaxuehuagongmiaosukuaisansaichewangzhi)

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